Monumental structures dating back 7,000 years and reaching over 100m in diameter, consisting of circular ditches and palisades, remained unknown in Poland until the 1990s. It has been 25 years since the discovery of the first structure of this type, sometimes referred to as the 'Polish Stonehenge'. To date, approx. 20 of them have been identified.
In the early 2nd century CE, soldiers from Legio X Fretensis, known for their bloody suppression of Jewish uprisings, were also stationed on the Black Sea, in the Roman fort Apsaros in Colchis, Polish researchers have found. Until now scientists did not know traces of their presence in such a remote area.
Researchers from the Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences have proven that breeding small brachycephalic (shorter-nosed) dogs took place already in ancient Rome. Research on a 2,000 years old dog skull indicates that the dog resembled a French bulldog.
Farmers living in today’s Poland during the Neolithic period produced dairy products from the milk of various animals: cows, sheep and goats. This was confirmed by analyses of residues from clay vessels found in the Kujawy-Pomerania Province. The research results have been published in the Royal Society Open Science.
Polish archaeologists discovered sandstone blocks from a Pharaonic temple covered with hieroglyphs during excavations in Old Dongola in Sudan. The blocks come from the first half of the first millennium BCE. So far, no ruins from such an early period have been found there; this could move the city's history back a thousand years.