Water is a fantastic liquid that has inspired scientists for centuries, and despite intensive studies of its complex nature, it still evades full understanding. When two droplets are brought together, they eventually settle into each other, merging and forming a larger, yet simpler, structure—a bigger droplet, while uniformly mixing. The same happens in foams, where tiny bubbles connect and eventually form larger bubbles. These phenomena occur because water tends to minimize its surface energy. A new study conducted by researchers from the Institute of the Physical Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, led by dr. Guzowski shows how droplets, instead of merging, unexpectedly form increasingly complex structures. Let's take a closer look at their discovery.
They are everywhere, around us and within us. Phenomena lasting trillionths of a second form the core of chemistry and biology. It is only recently that we have begun to try to accurately record their actual course, with moderate success. However, physicists from Cracow have proven that the new window to the world of attophysics can be built, offering a very promising view.