The monks of medieval Ghazali (Sudan) enjoyed high social status. Some of them came from distant regions of Africa. They were not affected by metabolic diseases related to malnutrition, because they had access to fresh fruit and vegetables, and they ate meat in quite large quantities and regularly.
It was not in all places where agriculture appeared, that local populations quickly noticed its benefits. In the areas from today's Lithuania to Finland, for about half a millennium, hunter-fishermen-gatherers lived alongside the first farmers, and these worlds merged very slowly, scientists' analyses show.
In the early stage of pregnancy, the dialogue between the developing embryo and the mother is one of the key factors determining the success of the embryo implantation process in the uterus. Scientists from the Institute of Animal Reproduction and Food Research of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Olsztyn have discovered another relationship that helps to understand this complicated process.
Archaeologists from the University of Wrocław and the Polish Academy of Sciences will conduct unique research in the Serengeti National Park in Tanzania. Among lions, rhinos and herds of zebras, they will search for the remains of the first humans and traces of their life in areas considered the cradle of humanity.