NASA plans to land a manned mission on the surface of the Moon in 2025. As part of the Artemis III mission, two astronauts will remain in orbit, and two will land and spend about a week. The crewed mission Artemis II is planned earlier: four astronauts will fly around the Moon at an altitude of 8,900 km above the surface. This should take place in 2024. Before this happens, however, the unmanned Artemis I mission had to be launched. Its launch was delayed, but ultimately the mission was launched in November.
Devices developed in Poland will be used in the Artemis mission. On board the Orion spacecraft there are infrared detectors from the Polish company VIGO Photonics. A set of ionising radiation detectors was developed by the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Kraków.
Small asteroids are a greater threat to human civilisation than large objects, because they are harder to spot in space. Traces of their impacts can explain how often they strike and what consequences they may have. An international team managed by a Polish researcher found a way to locate such craters.