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Polish Economic Institute: Global fertility is dropping faster than expected

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    Mind wandering supports creativity, says scientist

    For about 40 percent of the time we are not focused on what we are currently doing and our attention appears to work less effectively, says a Polish scientist investigating ‘mind wandering’. But, he adds that “mind wandering supports creative thinking”.

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    Polish astronaut on ISS to carry out psychological study prepared by University of Silesia

    The University of Silesia in Katowice has signed a contract with the European Space Agency (ESA) to monitor the mental and behavioural health of astronauts on the International Space Station (ISS). The test person will be a Polish astronaut.

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    Scientists investigate whether trams can help urban nature

    International research involving scientists from Poland, Germany and Brazil has been exploring why trams have an impact on biodiversity in urban areas.

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    Artificial intelligence diagnoses autism spectrum better than specialists

    Artificial intelligence diagnoses the autism spectrum better than specialists. The AI achieved sensitivity and specificity rates of 70 to 90 percent. The effectiveness of specialists ranges from 60 to a random 50 percent, says Dr. Izabela Chojnicka, assistant professor at the Faculty of Psychology, University of Warsaw.

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    High levels of existential security linked to faster secularisation, study finds

    Secularisation progresses faster in societies with a high level of existential security. It is similar in different countries, despite cultural differences and religious traditions, shows international research led by Dr. Konrad Talmont-Kamiński from the University of Bialystok.

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    Concrete, microplastics and implants will be all that remains of humanity, says geologist

    Concrete and microplastics will remain in layers corresponding to our geological period. Fillings, metal and plastic implants and plastic clothes will also survive, Professor Jan Zalasiewicz, a geologist and proponent of the establishment of the geological epoch called Anthropocene, told PAP.

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    Autism spectrum analysed by AI to better understand neurodiversity

    A Polish research team from IDEAS NCBR is using artificial intelligence algorithms to analyse the statements of people on the autism spectrum. Scientists hope that this will help them develop tools to improve the quality of life of neurodivergent people and make their social integration more effective.

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    AI is unfair and reproduces inequalities just like we do, says expert

    We often hear that artificial intelligence is objective and fair. But because the algorithms are fed with data distorted by non-objective reality, AI, too, will repeat these biases. As long as society is unjust, non-inclusive and riddled with stereotypes, AI, which is supposed to reflect reality, will reinforce inequalities, says Dr. Anna Górska, a researcher from the Kozminski University.

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    Smart cities are concrete actions, not just seductive narrative, says expert

    'Smart' solutions may not be just a seductive narrative that sounds nice in election ads. They should, above all, be activities that actually improve the standard of living of residents, says Professor Dorota Dobija from the Koźmiński University.

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Examples of textures of the new liquid crystal phase: a) disordered material between two glasses, b) a drop of material suspended on a glycerine substrate, c) domain texture of the newly discovered phase (image from a polarizing microscope). Source: WAT/UW

Spontaneous helices and dipoles in order