Instead of carrying out spectroscopic research in foreign synchrotrons, scientists can take advantage of compact and much cheaper sources of radiation that will scan the material to the deepest atomic shell and enable them to detect elements present in the material, and even the types of atomic bonds.
Undamaged, completely or very highly dehydrated, artificial cell membranes, without using chemical or structural modifications, have been developed by the team of Dr. Łukasz Piątkowski from Poznań. In the future, such membranes can be used as biocoatings or biosensors.
Chemical recycling is a type of recycling that makes it possible to obtain pure compounds for the production of polymers and further products from plastics. Now, Dr. Patrycja Maria Jutrzenka Trzebiatowska from the University of Gdańsk has added a new dimension - complex, 3D structures called MOFs.
Our bodies are built from many left- and right-handed chiral structures. Among them are left-hand amino acids and the right-handed DNA helix. But what would life look like if the chirality of structures, from which our bodies are built, were reversed? If a living organism suddenly went through the looking-glass? To answer this question, researchers from the University of Lodz have been studying the behaviour of chiral molecules on a single molecule scale.
Geometric objects known as fractals used to be called 'beasts of mathematics' or 'outcasts'. Today, knowledge about them allows scientists to develop telecommunications, data security and entertainment (when the creators of cinema special effects use them), says Professor Andrzej Katunin from the Silesian University of Technology in Gliwice.
The 2021 Giuseppe and Vanna Cocconi Prize for outstanding contribution to Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology has been awarded to the Borexino Collaboration, which includes researchers from the Institute of Physics at the Jagiellonian University in Kraków.
Inside each proton or neutron there are three quarks bound by gluons. Until now, it has often been assumed that two of them form a “stable” pair known as a diquark. It seems, however, that it’s the end of the road for the diquarks in physics. This is one of the conclusions of the new model of proton-proton or proton-nucleus collisions, which takes into account the interactions of gluons with the sea of virtual quarks and antiquarks.
A nanosystem in the form of an organic platform that will improve the work of devices for artificial photosynthesis, such as an artificial leaf, has been developed by scientists from several Polish research units. The solution may also be used to build photosensors with very high sensitivity, detecting important molecules, for example in human blood.